Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, McFarland Company,. . 4 The Soviet authorities regarded service to the prewar Polish state as a "crime against revolution" 61 and "counter-revolutionary activity" 62 and arrested many members of the Polish intelligentsia, politicians, civil servants and academics, as well as ordinary persons. Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum, London, 22 November Retrieved on (in Polish) Moczydłowski, Jan (1989 Produkcja banknotów przez Związek Walki Zbrojnej i Armię Krajową, Biuletyn Numizmatyczny, nr 1012 Nawrocka-Dońska 1961. 6 Destruction of Polish culture edit German occupation edit Policy edit Germany's policy toward the Polish nation and its culture evolved during the course of the war. The Germanization of place names prevailed. 9 Slavic people living east of the pre-war German border were to be Germanized, enslaved or eradicated, 9 depending on whether they lived in the territories directly annexed into the German state or in the General Government. Retrieved on b Madajczyk 1970,. . Twenty-five museums and a host of other institutions were destroyed during the war. On 8 October, Nazi Germany annexed the western areas of pre-war Poland and, in the remainder of the occupied area, established the General Government. 48 53 In Toruń, all Polish monuments and plaques were torn down. Every day, pupils have to study in several shifts. This particular campaign resulted in the infamous Sonderaktion Krakau 31 and the massacre of Lwów professors. 112 Polish music, including orchestras, also went underground. 118 Ferguson 2006,. . 22 48 In 1940, several German-controlled printing houses began operating in occupied Poland, publishing items such as Polish-German dictionaries and antisemitic and anticommunist novels. 128138 a b c d Bukowska, Ewa, (2003 Secret Teaching in Poland in the Years 1939 to 1945, London Branch of the Polish Home Army Ex-Servicemen's Association. 134 See also edit Olsak-Glass, Judith (January 1999 "Review of Piotrowski's Poland's Holocaust", Sarmatian Review, retrieved, The prisons, ghettos, internment, transit, labor and extermination camps, roundups, mass deportations, public executions, mobile killing units, death marches, deprivation, hunger, disease, and exposure. 130 The experience of World War II placed its stamp on a generation of Polish artists that became known as the " Generation of Columbuses ". 7 In March 1940, all cultural activities came under the control of the General Government's Department of People's Education and Propaganda ( Abteilung für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda whose name was changed a year later to the "Chief Propaganda Department" ( Hauptabteilung Propaganda ). 68 In line with Soviet anti-religious policy, churches and religious organizations were persecuted. German policy constituted a crash-Germanization of the populace. Dear, majority of scholars believe that "In the Soviet occupation zone, conditions were only marginally less harsh than under the Germans." 2 In September 1939, many Polish Jews had fled east; after some months of living under.